What Is Agreement of Subject and Verb

As a professional, it’s important to understand the basic grammar rules that apply to writing. One such rule is the agreement of subject and verb, which is vital in ensuring that a sentence makes sense and is grammatically correct.

Subject-verb agreement simply means that the subject and verb of a sentence must agree in number and person. This means that if the subject is singular, the verb must be singular as well. Similarly, if the subject is plural, the verb must be plural too.

For example:

– Incorrect: He was the one who speaks fluent French.

– Correct: He was the one who spoke fluent French.

In the first sentence, the subject (He) is singular, while the verb (speaks) is plural, which is incorrect. In the second sentence, the verb (spoke) is singular, which is appropriate for the singular subject.

Another example is:

– Incorrect: The group of boys was playing soccer.

– Correct: The group of boys were playing soccer.

In the first sentence, the subject (group) is singular, while the verb (were) is plural, which is incorrect. In the second sentence, the verb (were) is plural, which is appropriate for the plural subject (boys).

It’s important to note that subject-verb agreement also applies to compound subjects (two or more subjects joined by “and”) and subjects that are connected by “or” or “nor.”

For example:

– Incorrect: The cat and dog chases each other in the yard.

– Correct: The cat and dog chase each other in the yard.

In the first sentence, the subject (cat and dog) is plural, but the verb (chases) is singular, which is incorrect. In the second sentence, the verb (chase) is plural, which agrees with the plural subject.

In summary, subject-verb agreement is a basic grammar rule that is essential to good writing. It ensures that the subject and verb of a sentence are in agreement in terms of number and person. By following this rule, you can ensure that your writing is clear, concise, and grammatically correct.

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